cvs commit: src/lib/msun/src s_log1p.c
Bruce Evans
bde at FreeBSD.org
Sun Dec 4 12:28:34 GMT 2005
bde 2005-12-04 12:28:33 UTC
FreeBSD src repository
Modified files:
lib/msun/src s_log1p.c
Log:
For log1pf(), fixed the approximations to sqrt(2), sqrt(2)-1 and
sqrt(2)/2-1. For log1p(), fixed the approximation to sqrt(2)/2-1.
The end result is to fix an error of 1.293 ulps in
log1pf(0.41421395540 (hex 0x3ed413da))
and an error of 1.783 ulps in
log1p(-0.292893409729003961761) (hex 0x12bec4 00000001)).
The former was the only error of > 1 ulp for log1pf() and the latter
is the only such error that I know of for log1p().
The approximations don't need to be very accurate, but the last 2 need
to be related to the first and be rounded up a little (even more than
1 ulp for sqrt(2)/2-1) for the following implementation-detail reason:
when the arg (x) is not between (the approximations to) sqrt(2)/2-1
and sqrt(2)-1, we commit to using a correction term, but we only
actually use it if 1+x is between sqrt(2)/2 and sqrt(2) according to
the first approximation. Thus we must ensure that
!(sqrt(2)/2-1 < x < sqrt(2)-1) implies !(sqrt(2)/2 < x+1 < sqrt(2)),
where all the sqrt(2)'s are really slightly different approximations
to sqrt(2) and some of the "<"'s are really "<="'s. This was not done.
In log1pf(), the last 2 approximations were rounded up by about 6 ulps
more than needed relative to a good approximation to sqrt(2), but the
actual approximation to sqrt(2) was off by 3 ulps. The approximation
to sqrt(2)-1 ended up being 4 ulps too small, so the algoritm was
broken in 4 cases. The result happened to be broken in 1 case. This
is fixed by using a natural approximation to sqrt(2) and derived
approximations for the others.
In logf(), all the approximations made sense, but the approximation
to sqrt(2)/2-1 was 2 ulps too small (a tiny amount, since we compare
with a granularity of 2**32 ulps), so the algorithm was broken in 2
cases. The result was broken in 1 case. This is fixed by rounding
up the approximation to sqrt(2)/2-1 by 2**32 ulps, so 2**32 cases are
now handled a little differently (still correctly according to my
assertion that the approximations don't need to be very accurate, but
this has not been checked).
Revision Changes Path
1.8 +11 -4 src/lib/msun/src/s_log1p.c
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