Re: I got a panic for "nvme0: cpl does not map to outstanding cmd" on a MACHIATObin Double Shot

From: Mark Millard via freebsd-current <freebsd-current_at_freebsd.org>
Date: Sun, 23 May 2021 00:46:28 -0700
On 2021-May-23, at 00:08, Mark Millard via freebsd-current <freebsd-current at freebsd.org> wrote:

> On 2021-May-22, at 22:16, Warner Losh <imp at bsdimp.com> wrote:
> 
>> On Sat, May 22, 2021 at 10:44 PM Mark Millard via freebsd-arm <freebsd-arm_at_freebsd.org> wrote:
>> # mount -onoatime 192.168.1.187:/usr/ports/ /mnt/
>> # diff -r /usr/ports/ /mnt/ | more
>> nvme0: cpl does not map to outstanding cmd
>> cdw0:00000000 sqhd:0020 sqid:0003 cid:007e p:1 sc:00 sct:0 m:0 dnr:0
>> panic: received completion for unknown cmd
>> 
>> cid 0x7e has no currently active command. The cid is used by the driver
>> to map completions back to requests.
>> 
>> So, there's usually 3 possibilities that I've seen this with.
>> 
>> (1) There's a missing cache flush so you get a bogus cpl back because something stale
>> was read. It's unlikely to be this one because the rest of this look like a successful
>> command completed: sc = 0 is successful completion and sct is a generic command queued.
>> 
>> (2) We're looking at the completion record twice because we failed to properly update the
>> head pointer and we've already completed the command. I've only ever seen this in a
>> panic situation where we interrupt the completion routine because something else
>> paniced.
>> 
>> (3) There's something that's corrupting the act_tr array in the qpair. I've not seen this,
>> but if something else smashes that area (zeroing it in this case), then that could cause
>> an error like this.
> 
> Of note may be that I buildworld and buildkernel with extra
> tuning enabled, targeting the cortex-a72. In one past example
> this lead to finding a missing synchronization related to XHCI
> handling that was fixed. (The fix was not aarch64 specific at
> all.) For that: A cortex-a53 did not show the problem with or
> without that tuning. A cortex-a72 showed the problem only with
> the cortex-a72 tuning, not with targeting a cortex-a53 tuning
> or generic armv7, for example.
> 
> Not that I've any evidence specifically suggesting such would
> be involved here. But it might be good to keep in mind as a
> possaibility.
> 
>> Or it could be something new I've not seen nor thought about before.
>> 
>> cpuid = 3
>> time = 1621743752
>> KDB: stack backtrace:
>> db_trace_self() at db_trace_self
>> db_trace_self_wrapper() at db_trace_self_wrapper+0x30
>> vpanic() at vpanic+0x188
>> panic() at panic+0x44
>> nvme_qpair_process_completions() at nvme_qpair_process_completions+0x1fc
>> nvme_timeout() at nvme_timeout+0x3c
>> softclock_call_cc() at softclock_call_cc+0x124
>> softclock() at softclock+0x60
>> ithread_loop() at ithread_loop+0x2a8
>> fork_exit() at fork_exit+0x74
>> fork_trampoline() at fork_trampoline+0x14
>> KDB: enter: panic
>> [ thread pid 12 tid 100028 ]
>> Stopped at      kdb_enter+0x48: undefined       f904411f
>> db> 
>> 
>> Based on the "nvme" references, I expect this is tied to
>> handling the Optane 480 GiByte that is in the PCIe slot
>> and is the boot/only media for the machine doing the diff.
>> 
>> "db> dump" seems to have worked.
>> 
>> After the reboot, zpool scrub found no errors.
>> 
>> For reference:
>> 
>> # uname -apKU
>> FreeBSD CA72_16Gp_ZFS 14.0-CURRENT FreeBSD 14.0-CURRENT #1 main-n246854-03b0505b8fe8-dirty: Sat May 22 16:25:04 PDT 2021     root_at_CA72_16Gp_ZFS:/usr/obj/BUILDs/main-CA72-dbg-clang/usr/main-src/arm64.aarch64/sys/GENERIC-DBG-CA72  arm64 aarch64 1400013 1400013
>> 
>> If you have the dump, I suggest starting to make sure that the act_tr array looks sane. Make
>> sure all the live pointers point to a sane looking tr. Make sure that tr is on the active list, etc
>> 
>> It will take a fair amount of driver reading, though, to see how we got here. I'd also check to
>> make sure that qpair->num_enttries > cpl.cid (0x3e in this case).
>> 
> 
> Okay. I got this while trying to test an odd diff -r over NFS
> issue with the more recent software. So the two will potentially
> compete for time.
> 
> As investigation will be exploratory for me, not familiar, I'll
> probably publish periodic notes on things as I go along looking
> at stuff.
> 
> My first is that the /var/crash/core.txt.0 has a gdb backtrace:
> 
> . . .
> #10 0xffff00000047900c in panic (
>    fmt=0x12 <error: Cannot access memory at address 0x12>)
>    at /usr/main-src/sys/kern/kern_shutdown.c:843
> #11 0xffff0000002226b4 in nvme_qpair_process_completions (
>    qpair=qpair_at_entry=0xffffa00008724300)
>    at /usr/main-src/sys/dev/nvme/nvme_qpair.c:617
> #12 0xffff000000223354 in nvme_timeout (arg=arg_at_entry=0xffffa0000b053980)
>    at /usr/main-src/sys/dev/nvme/nvme_qpair.c:938
> #13 0xffff000000495bf8 in softclock_call_cc (c=0xffffa0000b0539a0, 
>    cc=cc_at_entry=0xffff000000de3500 <cc_cpu+768>, direct=0)
>    at /usr/main-src/sys/kern/kern_timeout.c:696
> #14 0xffff000000495fb0 in softclock (arg=0xffff000000de3500 <cc_cpu+768>)
>    at /usr/main-src/sys/kern/kern_timeout.c:816
> #15 0xffff0000004356dc in intr_event_execute_handlers (p=<optimized out>, 
>    ie=0xffffa000058bc700) at /usr/main-src/sys/kern/kern_intr.c:1168
> #16 ithread_execute_handlers (p=<optimized out>, ie=0xffffa000058bc700)
>    at /usr/main-src/sys/kern/kern_intr.c:1181
> #17 ithread_loop (arg=<optimized out>, arg_at_entry=0xffffa000058aef60)
>    at /usr/main-src/sys/kern/kern_intr.c:1269
> #18 0xffff000000431f6c in fork_exit (
>    callout=0xffff000000435430 <ithread_loop>, arg=0xffffa000058aef60, 
>    frame=0xffff0000eb7cc990) at /usr/main-src/sys/kern/kern_fork.c:1083
> #19 <signal handler called>
> 
> So via kgdb . . .
> 
> (kgdb) up 11
> #11 0xffff0000002226b4 in nvme_qpair_process_completions (qpair=qpair_at_entry=0xffffa00008724300) at /usr/main-src/sys/dev/nvme/nvme_qpair.c:617
> 617				KASSERT(0, ("received completion for unknown cmd"));
> 
> (kgdb) print/x cpl.cid
> $4 = 0x7e
> (kgdb) print/x qpair->num_entries
> $5 = 0x100
> 
> Based on also seeing the code:
> 
>        qpair->act_tr = malloc_domainset(sizeof(struct nvme_tracker *) *
>            qpair->num_entries, M_NVME, DOMAINSET_PREF(qpair->domain),
>            M_ZERO | M_WAITOK);
> 
> (kgdb) print qpair->act_tr
> $6 = (struct nvme_tracker **) 0xffffa00008725800
> (kgdb) x/256g 0xffffa00008725800
> 0xffffa00008725800:	0x0000000000000000	0x0000000000000000
> 0xffffa00008725810:	0x0000000000000000	0x0000000000000000
> . . .
> 0xffffa00008725fe0:	0x0000000000000000	0x0000000000000000
> 0xffffa00008725ff0:	0x0000000000000000	0x0000000000000000
> 
> It was all zeros (null pointers). No "live" pointers and, so,
> no tr's to inspect.
> 
> As none of this is familiar context beyond general programming
> concepts, it may be some time before I find anything else
> potentially of interest to report. If you have other specific
> things you would like me to look at, let me know.
> 

A fairly obvious thing I should have provided:

(kgdb) print/x *qpair
$15 = {ctrlr = 0xffff0000fe154000, id = 0x3, domain = 0x0, cpu = 0x2, vector = 0x3, rid = 0x4, res = 0xffffa000086ded80, tag = 0xffffa0000877b780, num_entries = 0x100, num_trackers = 0x80, 
  sq_tdbl_off = 0x1018, cq_hdbl_off = 0x101c, phase = 0x1, sq_head = 0x1f, sq_tail = 0x20, cq_head = 0x20, num_cmds = 0x420, num_intr_handler_calls = 0xe66c, num_retries = 0x0, num_failures = 0x0, 
  cmd = 0xffff000100ebb000, cpl = 0xffff000100ebf000, dma_tag = 0xffffa0000b093e00, dma_tag_payload = 0xffffa000059ef000, queuemem_map = 0xffffa00005a07700, cmd_bus_addr = 0xacbb000, 
  cpl_bus_addr = 0xacbf000, free_tr = {tqh_first = 0xffffa0000b053a80, tqh_last = 0xffffa0000869da80}, outstanding_tr = {tqh_first = 0xffffa0000b053980, tqh_last = 0xffffa0000b053980}, queued_req = {
    stqh_first = 0x0, stqh_last = 0xffffa000087243c8}, act_tr = 0xffffa00008725800, is_enabled = 0x1, lock = {lock_object = {lo_name = 0xffff00000090321f, lo_flags = 0x1030000, lo_data = 0x0, 
      lo_witness = 0xffffa0043fd96080}, mtx_lock = 0x0}}

Looks like I need to boot into the non-debug builds for the
other problem I'm testing for repeatability after a commit.


===
Mark Millard
marklmi at yahoo.com
( dsl-only.net went
away in early 2018-Mar)
Received on Sun May 23 2021 - 07:46:28 UTC

Original text of this message