[Bug 271573] [panic] ip_output->in_ifaddr_broadcast NULL pointer dereference after route change

From: <bugzilla-noreply_at_freebsd.org>
Date: Mon, 22 May 2023 21:30:08 UTC

            Bug ID: 271573
           Summary: [panic] ip_output->in_ifaddr_broadcast NULL pointer
                    dereference after route change
           Product: Base System
           Version: 12.4-STABLE
          Hardware: Any
                OS: Any
            Status: New
          Severity: Affects Some People
          Priority: ---
         Component: kern
          Assignee: bugs@FreeBSD.org
          Reporter: vangyzen@FreeBSD.org

FreeBSD 12.4-STABLE #3 stable/12-n236157-886d82afb03

With a busy TCP flow using a non-RTF_HOST route on an IFF_BROADCAST interface,
a "route change" operation on that route that changes the interface address can
leave "ia" NULL, triggering a NULL pointer dereference.

#6  0xffffffff811020df in trap_pfault (frame=0xfffffe002c1e8420, 
    usermode=<optimized out>, signo=<optimized out>, ucode=<optimized out>)
    at /usr/src/sys/amd64/amd64/trap.c:739
#7  <signal handler called>
#8  0xffffffff80d63c64 in in_ifaddr_broadcast (in=..., ia=0x0)
    at /usr/src/sys/netinet/in.c:1003
#9  0xffffffff80d75ee6 in ip_output (m=<optimized out>, opt=<optimized out>, 
    ro=<optimized out>, flags=<optimized out>, imo=0x0, inp=<optimized out>)
    at /usr/src/sys/netinet/ip_output.c:404
#10 0xffffffff80e03787 in tcp_output (tp=0xfffff8000c922000)
    at /usr/src/sys/netinet/tcp_output.c:1444

There may be multiple changes that contribute to this, but one in particular is
commit 1ebec5faf41f, which creates a window in rtrequest1_fib_change() when
rt->rt_ifa is NULL.  In my opinion, the right fix would close that window. 
This might use the wrong interface address, but it won't panic.  It also won't
use freed memory because that's prevented by the net_epoch.

This probably does not affect 13.x or later, which use nexthop.

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