git: afca4c000b72 - stable/13 - route.8: Add information about ROUTE_MPATH and FIB_ALGO

From: Gordon Bergling <>
Date: Mon, 13 Mar 2023 08:02:29 UTC
The branch stable/13 has been updated by gbe:


commit afca4c000b72cc22b4dd988f67a954cbfe0c84d5
Author:     Gordon Bergling <>
AuthorDate: 2023-02-26 13:15:34 +0000
Commit:     Gordon Bergling <>
CommitDate: 2023-03-13 08:01:49 +0000

    route.8: Add information about ROUTE_MPATH and FIB_ALGO
    Since the kernel options ROUTE_MPATH and FIB_ALGO are enabled
    per default for a while, it's good to have some user facing
    documetation about the general functionality of multipath
    routing and fib lookup algorithms.
    Reviewed by:    pauamma, Jose Luis Duran <jlduran at gmail dot com>
    Differential Revision:
    (cherry picked from commit b06338167d64507e79e003500002e22fbe583832)
 sbin/route/route.8 | 57 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 56 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/sbin/route/route.8 b/sbin/route/route.8
index 161189e7a9d8..c893ae5ab4b3 100644
--- a/sbin/route/route.8
+++ b/sbin/route/route.8
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@
 .\"     @(#)route.8	8.3 (Berkeley) 3/19/94
 .\" $FreeBSD$
-.Dd December 15, 2021
+.Dd February 26, 2023
 .Dt ROUTE 8
@@ -405,6 +405,60 @@ and
 As such, only the super-user may modify
 the routing tables.
+.Fx provides support for scalable multipath routing.
+It is activated by default, but can be turned off by setting the
+.Va net.route.multipath
+.Xr sysctl 8
+MIB to 0.
+There are multiple route lookup algorithms available.
+They can be configured by setting
+.Va net.route.algo.inet.algo
+for IPv4 and
+.Va net.route.algo.inet6.algo
+for IPv6
+.Xr sysctl 8
+A list of available algorithms can be obtained by accessing the
+.Xr sysctl 8
+.Va net.route.algo.inet.algo_list
+for IPv4 and
+.Va net.route.algo.inet6.algo_list
+for IPv6.
+The following algorithms are available:
+.Bl -tag -width radix_lockless
+.It radix
+Base system radix backend.
+.It bsearch
+Lockless binary search in a special IP array, tailored for a small FIB
+with <16 routes.
+This algorithm is only available for IPv4.
+.It radix_lockless
+Lockless immutable radix, re-created on every rtable change,
+tailored for a small FIB with <1000 routes.
+.It dpdk_lpm
+DPDK DIR24-8-based lookups, lockless datastructure, optimized
+for a large FIB.
+In order to use the dpdk_lpm algorithm one or both of the
+following kernel modules must be loaded via
+.Xr loader.conf 5 :
+.Bl -tag -width dpdk_lpm6.ko -compact
+.It dpdk_lpm4.ko
+DPDK implementation for IPv4.
+.It dpdk_lpm6.ko
+DPDK implementation for IPv6.
+The algorithms are selected automatically based on the size of the routing
+table of the system.
+They can be changed, but not every algorithm performs best for every
+FIB size.
 .Ex -std
@@ -484,6 +538,7 @@ The next-hop gateway should be reachable through a different route.
 .Xr netstat 1 ,
 .Xr netintro 4 ,
 .Xr route 4 ,
+.Xr loader.conf 5 ,
 .Xr arp 8 ,
 .Xr routed 8