ahcich timeouts, only with ahci, not with ataahci
mav at FreeBSD.org
Tue Feb 23 18:14:58 UTC 2010
Harald Schmalzbauer wrote:
> Alexander Motin schrieb am 23.02.2010 18:35 (localtime):
>>> One understanding question: If the drive doesn't complete a command,
>>> regardless if it's due to a firmware bug, a disk surface error or
>>> whatever, is there no way for the driver to terminate the request and
>>> take the drive offline after some time? This would be a very important
>>> behaviour for me. It doesn't make sense building RAIDz storage when a
>>> failing drive hangs the complete machine, even if the system partitions
>>> are on a complete different SSD.
>> That's what timeouts are used for. When timeout detected, driver resets
>> device and reports error to upper layer. After receiving error, CAM
>> reinitializes device. If device is completely dead, reinitialization
>> will fail and device will be dropped immediately. If device is still
>> alive, reinit succeed and CAM will retry command again. If all retries
>> failed, error reported to the GEOM layer and then possibly to file
>> system. I have no idea how RAIDZ behaves in such case. May be after few
>> such errors it should drop that device out of array.
>> Timeout is a worst possible case for any device, as it takes too much
>> time and doesn't give any recovery information. Half-dead case is worst
>> possible case of timeout. It is difficult to say what which way is
>> better: drop last drive from degraded array and lost all info, or retry
>> forever. There is probably no right answer.
> I see. Thanks a lot for clarification.
> Before getting the machine onsite I did some ZFS tests like removing one
> disk when cvs checkout was running.
As soon as ahci driver supports hot plug, removing device is not
completely correct test from driver perspective. Driver detects device
remove on interrupt from controller, and CAM drops it immediately
without waiting for timeouts. If you want a bit more correct test -
enable power management on respective ahci port. Enabled power
management disables hot-plug mechanisms, so there are more chances to
get command timeout. But when CAM will try to reinit removed device - it
will destroy it immediately.
> I can remember that ZFS hadn't showed the removed drive as offline, but
> there was no hang. The pool was degraded and after reinserting and
> rebooting I could resilver the pool. I couldn't manage to get it
> consistent without rebooting, but I accepted that since I would have to
> walk on site for changing the drive any way.
That's question to ZFS. CAM and GEOM destroying/creating device
automatically and fast enough.
> I'll restore the default vfs.zfs.txg.timeout=30, so the hang can be
> easily reproduced and see if I can 'camcontrol stop' the drive. Do you
> think I can get usefull information with that test?
Stop won't work for ATA devices. It is SCSI command. And all it does -
stops spindle. It won't destroy device. AFAIK there is no method in CAM
now to manually disable some device on-flight. If some device half-died,
the best way is to mechanically disconnect it. It will help CAM to
recover as fast as possible.
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