ATA APM and NCQ support in FreeBSD atacontrol
koitsu at freebsd.org
Mon May 12 03:06:47 UTC 2008
On Sun, May 11, 2008 at 09:08:51PM -0400, jonathan at kc8onw.net wrote:
> Has any work been done recently towards adding SATA Native Command
> Queueing as well as ATA APM and acoustic management to FreeBSD?
> I found this PR (with patch) to add APM and acoustic management control to
> atacontrol. The PR was opened in May 2005 has not been changed since
> December 2006 and is still open.
> I have not been able to find much of anything on SATA NCQ in FreeBSD newer
> than 2005 or 2006 does anyone know anything newer?
I believe NCQ is supported, assuming that your controller is operating
in AHCI mode and your disk supports NCQ. This mainly applies to Intel
ICHx controllers, but there are others which support it as well.
There's also NCQ support in non-AHCI drivers like hptmv(4), rr232x(4),
hptrr(4), and mpt(4) with SATA disks.
I do see some code that explicitly disables NCQ on some nVidia chipsets,
and I believe that's because the NCQ details for the nF4 chipset are
unavailable; possibly Linux has them.
atacontrol, on the other hand, I believe always spits out "-" as to
whether or not it's enabled. I'd have to go look at the code to be
sure, but I'm guessing it just says "-" no matter what. An example:
Feature Support Enable Value Vendor
write cache yes yes
read ahead yes yes
Native Command Queuing (NCQ) yes - 31/0x1F
Tagged Command Queuing (TCQ) no no 31/0x1F
SMART yes yes
microcode download yes yes
security yes no
power management yes yes
advanced power management no no 0/0x00
automatic acoustic management yes no 254/0xFE 128/0x80
Finally, I read a while back that NCQ on SATA does not provide a
substantial improvement in overall disk I/O or under heavy load. It's
not entirely marketing hype, but the benefits are like 3-4%, with added
SATA TCQ is a different matter. SCSI uses TCQ, and as we all know, it
works beautifully. SATA TCQ has a significantly larger queue depth than
SATA NCQ (2^64 vs. 31).
| Jeremy Chadwick jdc at parodius.com |
| Parodius Networking http://www.parodius.com/ |
| UNIX Systems Administrator Mountain View, CA, USA |
| Making life hard for others since 1977. PGP: 4BD6C0CB |
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