devfs promlem: creating new partition in empty slice
illoai at gmail.com
illoai at gmail.com
Sun Mar 11 04:57:22 UTC 2007
On 10/03/07, Eugene Grosbein <eugen at kuzbass.ru> wrote:
> There is FreeBSD 6.2-STABLE (updated yesterday) having single
> SATA drive. The drive has two equal-sized slices ad4s1 and ad4s2,
> both marked with sysid 165 (FreeBSD).
> The system occupies ad4s1 (partitions from a to h),
> and ad4s2 is empty. This scheme was created at installation time
> with sysinstall started by system boot CD (official disk1).
> Now, when the system is up and running, I need to create partitions
> within slice ad4s2. Questions are:
> 1. Do I really need 'sysctl kern.geom.debugflags=16'
> if I do not want to touch MBR or living slice at all, and why, if I do?
In my experience (for this type of use) no. You do not need
to set the sysctl.
> 2. How should I create new partitions within ad4s2? I've tried
> to use sysinstall, it fills bsdlabel right but fails to newfs/mount
> new partitions because device nodes do not exist. So now I have this:
> # bsdlabel ad4s2
> # /dev/ad4s2:
> 8 partitions:
> # size offset fstype [fsize bsize bps/cpg]
> a: 524288 2097152 4.2BSD 0 0 0
> b: 2097152 0 swap
> c: 78702435 0 unused 0 0 # "raw" part, don't edit
> d: 524288 2621440 4.2BSD 0 0 0
> e: 4194304 3145728 4.2BSD 0 0 0
> f: 20971520 7340032 4.2BSD 0 0 0
> g: 20971520 28311552 4.2BSD 0 0 0
> h: 29419363 49283072 4.2BSD 0 0 0
> # ls -l /dev/ad4s2*
> crw-r----- 1 root operator 0, 75 10 мар 14:53 /dev/ad4s2
> crw-r----- 1 root operator 0, 84 10 мар 14:53 /dev/ad4s2c
> What should I do now to get needed device nodes? The server is remote one,
> it runs in production and I'd prefer to not reboot it.
The device nodes are automagically created and managed
on all versions of FreeBSD after 5.0. Attemting to write to
or read from any device node will create it (if possible) or
chuck an error.
It appears that the bsdlabel from ad4s1 is also being read,
or has been copied to, ad4s2. You might want to
% fdisk ad4
and assure yourself that the slices do not overlap before
% bsdlabel -w ad4s2 auto
% bsdlabel -e ad4s2
You can probably copy and paste those above values
if you wish, but putting swap in two different slices of
the same disk is a bit . . . unoptimal.
If you are going to just use the space as one partition,
you can skip the step with the -e flag and proceed
to newfs it.
% newfs -U -O2 -b 16384 ad4s2a
though, if it is over 60G or so, and going to be used for
storing larger files (mostly larger than 2 or 3 M),
-b 32768 might give better* performance.
* Subject to limitations and rash opinions.
More information about the freebsd-stable