FreeBSD and User Security
rsmith at xs4all.nl
Wed Jun 11 21:47:45 UTC 2008
On Wed, Jun 11, 2008 at 10:25:32PM +0200, David Naylor wrote:
> Hi All,
> Today I read an article describing how my government had lost ZAR200 000 000
> from fraud. This is just under $25 000 000. The article credited this loss
> largely due to the use of spyware.
> My question is how secure is FreeBSD (including KDE, GNOME and XFCE) to
> attacks, including cracking and spyware.
That is a very broad question without a simple answer. It depends among
other things on the purpose of the machine and the knowledge of the
E.g, if you are creating a workstation that doesn't run externally
accessible servers you could configure the firewall to block all
incoming new connection requests. That will go a long way toward
safeguarding the machine against network attacks.
There is no way to safeguard a machine that an attacker has physical
access to; he could e.g. steal the harddisk and read your data at his
leisure (unless it is encrypted on-disk, e.g. with geli(8)). Also, no OS
can defend against social engineering attacks.
I would not worry overly much about spyware. Most if not all of those
are windows binaries. Also, unix mail clients as a rule do not execute
scripts embedded in mail messages.
> In addition, is there anyway to
> prevent a user from executing a program that is not owned by root (i.e. any
> program installed by the user), this would prevent spyware being installed
> (assuming root has been properly locked down) and subsequently run.
You could mount /home and other partitions where users have write access
like /tmp with the noexec option. Note that that wouldn't block the execution
of scripts, just binaries.
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