How do I set the source address on a multi-homed host?
Jan.Grant at bristol.ac.uk
Sun Feb 13 09:37:07 GMT 2005
On Sat, 12 Feb 2005, Daniela wrote:
> Yes, this happens when I connect from my machine (which functions as a router
> with NAT to allow the other LAN machines connect to the internet) to another
> LAN machine. When the router establishes a connection to another point in the
> intranet, the source address used is my official IP, and not 10.0.0.1, which
> is the intranet IP of the router.
> In other words, I want the source address to be 10.0.0.1 on every outgoing
> connection where the destination is inside my intranet.
Assuming you haven't munged the internal IP address to hide it, and with
all due deference to the FreeBSD "mechanism, not policy" mantra: no, you
don't want to do this. The 10.0.0.0/8 block of addresses is explicitly
for private use and is not routable on the internet.
If your firewall is causing problems with this setup, you might need to
re-examine your firewall settings.
Having said that: technically, you specify source addresses for
connections by calling bind(2) prior to calling connect(2). If you fail
to do this, the operating system will select a source IP address for
you. This'll often be the IP of the outgoing interface.
Unless your particular application explicitly supports the selection of
source addresses, you're mostly out of luck. For instance, ping(8)
supports this (see the -S option).
jan grant, ILRT, University of Bristol. http://www.ilrt.bris.ac.uk/
Tel +44(0)117 9287864 or +44 (0)117 9287088 http://ioctl.org/jan/
Bolstered by my success with vi, I proceeded to learn C with 'learn c'.
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