Understanding differences between releases and ports
racerx at makeworld.com
Fri Apr 15 09:04:48 PDT 2005
Stevan Tiefert wrote:
> Am Freitag, 15. April 2005 14:44 schrieb Chris:
>>Stevan Tiefert wrote:
>>>I have problems understanding a base concept :-(
>>>Is that right, when I install 5.2.1-RELEASE and I install the
>>>ports-distribution with cvsup and keep them up to date, that the ports I
>>>build afterwards with "make install" are newer than the
>>>release-precompiled-packages distributed with 5.2.1-RELEASE?
>>>Is that right that this procedure (with cvsup) is NOT ONLY correcting
>>>paths for the distfiles of ports in the ports-tree, then also replaces
>>>old versions of ports by newer ones?
>>Yes and no. When you CVSup, you are refreshing your ports tree. If you
>>have a port installed (take mutt for example) and after the CVSup the
>>ports tree has a newer version, then you need to run portupdate OR
>>portmanager. Once that is done, then you have installed the newest mutt.
>>>If so, does it mean that I could use 5.2.1-RELEASE and an updated
>>>portstree resulting in getting in example gnome 2.8 and kde 3.4 and so
>>>on? Have I to see the RELEASE-version abstracted separated from the
>>>portstree? And how is compatibility granted between different
>>>RELEASE-versions and the up-to-date-ports-tree?
>>This is somewhat complex; You, as the user - need to decide, do I want
>>to use 5.2.1 and cvsup something like KDE, THEN compile it and wait mega
>>hours OR, does installing a new release of FreeBSD make more sence.
>>You need to weigh out what's proper for you. Some of us will not only
>>CVSup the ports tree, but also CVSup the src to keep out systems up to
>>date. While other prefer to do a clean install of a newer release. Then
>>again, if you never CVSup the src tree - there is always FreeBSD-Update
>>(that updates the src bineries).
>>There are a few options for you to go with - but YOU need to consider
>>what's the best way for you to handle it.
>>For me, I CVSup both the src and ports tree - so my system is really
>>never more then a week off when it comes to my ports. I'll CVSup the src
>>tree when 5.4-RELEASE is out, and continue to CVSup my ports.
> Hello again,
> what do you mean with src? The source in /usr/src or the binaries?
Like the ports tree (/usr/ports) there is the src tree (/usr/src). The
src tree can be updated and compiled to either a new release, or the
security patches (however, you can patch it instead of buildworld etc.)
This is all covered in the Handbook.
> And a second question: If I update with portupdate, then I am NOT updating the
> base-system, isn't it (like the shell, kernel and so on...)? How to update
> the base-system?
Both portupgrade and portmanager (there are others also) only deal with
the ports tree (/usr/ports). You can CVSup the src tree upgrade to a new
release, and RC, stable, or stay with the sec-branch (IE:
5.3-RELEASE-p9). Again, this is covered in the Handbook. Mind you tho -
If you are a newb, building world may not be for you at this time. If
however, you are adventureous, don't mind re installing should things go
bad, or if you missed some steps when doing this - then by all means,
have at it. But - do so at your own risk of course.
When you dial a wrong number, you never get a busy signal
More information about the freebsd-questions