matthewstory at gmail.com
Tue Feb 14 19:18:29 UTC 2012
On Tue, Feb 14, 2012 at 2:05 PM, Devin Teske <devin.teske at fisglobal.com>wrote:
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: owner-freebsd-hackers at freebsd.org [mailto:owner-freebsd-
> > hackers at freebsd.org] On Behalf Of Matthew Story
> > Sent: Tuesday, February 14, 2012 10:35 AM
> > To: freebsd-hackers at freebsd.org
> > Subject: xargs short-circuit
> > After reading the man-page, and browsing around the internet for a
> > I was just wondering if there is an option in (any) xargs to
> > on first failure of [utility [arguments]].
> > e.g.
> > $ jot - 1 10 | xargs -e -n1 sh -c 'echo "$*"; echo exit 1' worker ||
> echo $?
> > 1
> > 1
> > such that any non-0 exit code in a child process would cause xargs to
> > processing. seems like this would be a nice feature to have.
> You can achieve this quite easily with a sub-shell:
> As a bourne-shell script:
> jot - 1 10 | ( while read ARG1 REST; do
> sh -c 'echo "$*"; exit 1' worker $ARG1 || exit $?
> shift 1
> done )
read is often not sufficient for a variety of reasons, the most notable of
them is that new-lines are valid in file names on most file systems. While
some shells do support a variety of options, POSIX only supports -r (raw,
treat backslashes as literal, not escape).
find . -print0 | xargs -0 -e ...
Is vastly nicer in most cases. Additionally, xargs provides the
possibility of concurrency, via -P ... while you can spoof this with
trailing & and wait(1) in sh, this is both vastly more complicated than
xargs -P, and not as efficient in spawning jobs, it would be nice to be
able to have xargs stop spawning new jobs on first failure in this case,
and exit at last reap of existing child processes if the short-circuit flag
find . -print0 | xargs -n1 -0 -e -P4 ...
My use-case is a CPU-bound operation running with concurrency and many more
jobs than concurrency, on failure xargs continues to work until finished to
report failure, which is a large number of wasted cycles, and box load.
Would be nice to bail as early as possible in situations where any failure
is fatal to the larger operation.
> Or interactively in sh/bash:
> $ jot - 1 10 | ( while read ARG1 REST; do sh -c 'echo "$*"; exit 1' worker
> || exit $?; shift 1;done )
> Or interactively in csh/tcsh:
> % jot - 1 10 | /bin/sh -c 'while read ARG1 REST; do sh -c '\''echo "$*";
> 1'\'' worker $ARG1 || exit $?; shift 1; done'
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