[HEADS UP] Kernel modules don't work properly in FreeBSD 8.1-RC1
avg at icyb.net.ua
Wed Jun 23 07:02:13 UTC 2010
on 23/06/2010 09:52 Hans Petter Selasky said the following:
> On Wednesday 23 June 2010 08:47:52 Andriy Gapon wrote:
>> on 23/06/2010 03:38 Hans Petter Selasky said the following:
>>> I'm creating a new thread on this issue.
>>> On Tue, Jun 22, 2010 at 04:39:17PM -0400, Ryan Stone wrote:
>>>> I saw similar behaviour a couple of years ago when I switched from
>>>> using gcc 4.0.2 to gcc 4.3.0 to compile some out-of-tree KLD modules.
>>>> The problem ended up being a change in the linker script used by GNU
>>>> ld for linking kernel modules. It used to always put some magic
>>>> symbols used by the linker to implement things like sysinits into the
>>>> module. It was changed to only provide those symbols, which
>>>> apparently means that the linker would discard those symbols if
>>>> nothing referenced them(and nothing did reference them). I had to
>>>> work around it by adding the following to my link line:
>>>> -u __start_set_sysinit_set -u __start_set_sysuninit_set \
>>>> -u __start_set_sysctl_set -u __start_set_modmetadata_set \
>>>> -u __stop_set_sysinit_set -u __stop_set_sysuninit_set \
>>>> -u __stop_set_sysctl_set -u __stop_set_modmetadata_set
>>> It appears many kmods are broken because the linker is stripping away
>>> static data declared with the section attribute in FreeBSD 8.1-RC1.
>>> I added those lines to the LDFLAGS in Makefile.kmod in the cuse4bsd port
>>> made the module and the result loads and creates the /dev/cuse file.
>>> Here's a diff relative to
>>> /usr/ports/multimedia/cuse4bsd-kmod/work/cuse4bsd-kmod-0.1.11 just so
>>> it's clear what I did.
>>> --- Makefile.kmod.orig 2010-02-11 03:28:02.000000000 -0800
>>> +++ Makefile.kmod 2010-06-22 14:02:52.000000000 -0700
>>> @@ -30,4 +30,10 @@
>>> KMOD= cuse4bsd
>>> SRCS= cuse4bsd_kmod.c device_if.h bus_if.h vnode_if.h
>>> +LDFLAGS += -u __start_set_sysinit_set -u __start_set_sysuninit_set \
>>> + -u __start_set_sysctl_set -u __start_set_modmetadata_set \
>>> + -u __stop_set_sysinit_set -u __stop_set_sysuninit_set \
>>> + -u __stop_set_sysctl_set -u __stop_set_modmetadata_set
>>> .include <bsd.kmod.mk>
>>> Running nm -o on the two modules, the difference seems to be that the -u
>>> results in some additional absolute symbols being defined:
>>> Bad module:
>>> $ nm -o /boot/modules/cuse4bsd.ko| grep sys
>>> /boot/modules/cuse4bsd.ko:0000275c r
>>> /boot/modules/cuse4bsd.ko:00002758 r
>>> /boot/modules/cuse4bsd.ko:00003194 d cuse_kern_init_sys_init
>>> /boot/modules/cuse4bsd.ko:00003184 d cuse_kern_uninit_sys_uninit
>> I am not sure if this analysis is correct.
>> I tested on head and stable/8 and my nm output is exactly like above ("bad
>> module"), still the module loads fine and creates /dev/cuse.
>> I don't think there were any recent changes related to build infrastructure
>> or linker in 8.1.
>> Please consider other possibilities.
> I installed PC-BSD 8.1-RC1 and the stock cuse4bsd module is broken.
I don't dispute that it is found broken in particular environments, I just think
that the analysis could be incorrect.
> make sure that you re-make the toolchain before building the module in
> question. Also I think you have to:
> cd /usr/src ; make buildenv TARGET_ARCH=xxx_target
> Then you cd to the module directory and type make.
I don't think that this is needed when _not_ cross-building for a different
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