[Review Request] Kerberose 5 patch. Version two!
trhodes at FreeBSD.org
Thu Sep 4 17:25:46 UTC 2003
On Thu, 4 Sep 2003 11:15:31 -0600
Tillman Hodgson <tillman at seekingfire.com> wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 04, 2003 at 04:23:53PM +0100, Ceri Davies wrote:
> > On Wed, Sep 03, 2003 at 04:36:16PM -0400, Tom Rhodes wrote:
> > > All,
> > >
> > > Ok, after finally digging through the large amount of comments in
> > > my email, and finding some free time to actually apply them, I have
> > > produced another version. This mixes comments from everyone who
> > > send any, and I hope this looks good.
> > Tom,
> > I forwarded this to my brother, who recently set up a Kerberos5 installation
> > (albeit on NetBSD), and he came back with the attached comments.
> > Hope they help.
> > Ceri
> > * Ceri Davies <setantae at submonkey.net> [0902 14:02]:
> > Ta for that, it all looks good. I'm surprised by 3 bits though.
> > [ I assume you have the same Heimdal distro as us,if you don't
> > that would explain 2) and 3) ]
> > 1) " For purposes of demonstrating a Kerberos installation, the various
> > namespaces will be handled as follows:
> > * The DNS domain (``zone'') will be example.org.
> > * The Kerberos realm will be example.org.
> > Note: Please use real domain names when setting up Kerberos even if
> > you intend to run it internally. This avoids DNS problems and
> > assures interoperation with other Kerberos realms.
> > "
> > I know it's only a convention, but I'd still put the realm name in caps.
> I agree - my original draft had it in all caps. I suspect it got lost
> when the .prv TLDs were changed to .org.
I've already done this in my new diff.
> > 2) "10.7.2 Setting up a Heimdal KDC
> > Next we will set up your Kerberos config file, /etc/krb5.conf:
> > [libdefaults]
> > default_realm = example.org
> > .
> > .
> > .
> > "
> > If you set up BIND properly, that's all you need in krb5/conf, see:
> I can see your point. I use DNS for my own realms and it does work quite
> My arguments for doing it the krb5.conf way:
> * You still require a minimal krb5.conf in any case, so putting the
> server information in there results in fewer installation steps. This
> isn't what I do for a large production environment, but it is what
> I'd do for a short tutorial.
> * I wanted to avoid creating dependencies - the user may not want to
> use bind.
> * The DNS method tends to break kadmin if you run multiple realms off of
> the same KDC. Explaining how to run kadmind on alternate ports is
> beyond the scope of a Handbook chapter IMO.
Well, I have an idea on how to do this. Something like:
<para>When using Kerberos in a large network, and insist on using
DNS services, then the following information could be added to
the DNS configuration: ...
With the correct markup of course.
> Would a reference to Kerberos and DNS work?
> > 3) "10.7.8.2 Kerberos is intended for single-user workstations
> > In a multi-user environment, Kerberos is less secure. This is because
> > it stores the tickets in the /tmp directory, which is readable by all
> > users. If a user is sharing a computer with several other people
> > simultaneously (i.e. multi-user), it is possible that the user's
> > tickets can be stolen (copied) by another user."
> > If the files are world-readable in /tmp then I agree,
> > but to be honest that's a bug that shouldbefixed.
> It's not probably not completely fixable - whoever has root powers has
> the capability to "become" any user by using their Kerberos ticket.
> Granted, root has that power already but this extends it beyond the
> local machine. Users may not expect (or want) that.
Perhaps we could recommend that /tmp have different permissions set?
Although, I have never ran a Kerberos server I do not want to just give
a set of permissions without knowing how they would affect Kerberos.
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