sam at freebsd.org
Tue Sep 9 15:02:39 UTC 2008
Jacques Fourie wrote:
> On Tue, Sep 9, 2008 at 3:55 PM, Stanislav Sedov <stas at freebsd.org> wrote:
>> On Tue, 9 Sep 2008 15:33:30 +0200
>> "Jacques Fourie" <jacques.fourie at gmail.com> mentioned:
>>> I've performed some benchmark tests on my Gumstix Connex 400 (Intel
>>> Xscale PXA 255 CPU clocked at 400MHz) with a netDuo expansion board.
>>> This board has two smc network interfaces. I configure the gumstix as
>>> a router and measure network throughput with netperf running on
>>> seperate boxes on either side of the gumstix. My initial tests showed
>>> a TCP throughput of 2Mbit/s. After adapting the smc driver to use DMA
>>> this figure went up to 7Mbit/s. Although this is a significant
>>> improvement, it still seems to be a bit slow. Does anyone have any
>>> tips on how I can go about to try and figure out where the bottleneck
>>> lies? Initial profiling showed that a significant amount of time was
>>> spent doing memory to memory copies of data, but after the DMA change
>>> profiling does not show any obvious culprits.
>> Have you tried checking the speed of the interface itself? Without
>> routing involved? May it be the interfaces itself being so slow?
>> Stanislav Sedov
> Running netserver on the gumstix shows a throughput of 2.4Mbit/s. At
> the moment I can't get if_bridge to work - will try to figure out what
> is going on. A bridging benchmark may be more informative.
You said you did profiling but you didn't provide the data to inspect.
It's possible kernel profiling has never been tried on your platform;
did you sanity check the results? (e.g. run a known test load and check
results; verify all routines that should execute appear in the
profile). Also if copy overhead shows up as significant look to see why
those copies are being done; it's often possible to avoid a copy.
My experience in working with architectures like this is that cache
handling can be a significant cost that doesn't always show up on a profile.
Also you may find useful information by tracking mbufs using the h/w
clock at important places along the "fast path" then look at whether the
overhead for each step is reasonable. I did this for bridged traffic by
forcing the rx dma to go to an mbuf+cluster then used the free storage
in the mbuf header to store timestamps. At the end of the processing
path I sorted the data into buckets by the sample points and added a
sysctl to dump the histogram to see min/max/avg.
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