cvs commit: src UPDATING src/include fts.h src/lib/libc/gen
Makefile.inc Symbol.map fts-compat.c fts-compat.h fts.3 fts.c
yar at FreeBSD.org
Sat Jan 26 09:09:41 PST 2008
yar 2008-01-26 17:09:41 UTC
FreeBSD src repository
lib/libc/gen Makefile.inc Symbol.map fts-compat.c
fts-compat.h fts.3 fts.c
Our fts(3) API, as inherited from 4.4BSD, suffers from integer
fields in FTS and FTSENT structs being too narrow. In addition,
the narrow types creep from there into fts.c. As a result, fts(3)
consumers, e.g., find(1) or rm(1), can't handle file trees an ordinary
user can create, which can have security implications.
To fix the historic implementation of fts(3), OpenBSD and NetBSD
have already changed <fts.h> in somewhat incompatible ways, so we
are free to do so, too. This change is a superset of changes from
the other BSDs with a few more improvements. It doesn't touch
fts(3) functionality; it just extends integer types used by it to
match modern reality and the C standard.
Here are its points:
o For C object sizes, use size_t unless it's 100% certain that
the object will be really small. (Note that fts(3) can construct
pathnames _much_ longer than PATH_MAX for its consumers.)
o Avoid the short types because on modern platforms using them
results in larger and slower code. Change shorts to ints as
- For variables than count simple, limited things like states,
use plain vanilla `int' as it's the type of choice in C.
- For a limited number of bit flags use `unsigned' because signed
bit-wise operations are implementation-defined, i.e., unportable,
o For things that should be at least 64 bits wide, use long long
and not int64_t, as the latter is an optional type. See
FTSENT.fts_number aka FTS.fts_bignum. Extending fts_number `to
satisfy future needs' is pointless because there is fts_pointer,
which can be used to link to arbitrary data from an FTSENT.
However, there already are fts(3) consumers that require fts_number,
or fts_bignum, have at least 64 bits in it, so we must allow for them.
o For the tree depth, use `long'. This is a trade-off between making
this field too wide and allowing for 64-bit inode numbers and/or
chain-mounted filesystems. On the one hand, `long' is almost
enough for 32-bit filesystems on a 32-bit platform (our ino_t is
uint32_t now). On the other hand, platforms with a 64-bit (or
wider) `long' will be ready for 64-bit inode numbers, as well as
for several 32-bit filesystems mounted one under another. Note
that fts_level has to be signed because -1 is a magic value for it,
o For the `nlinks' local var in fts_build(), use `long'. The logic
in fts_build() requires that `nlinks' be signed, but our nlink_t
currently is uint16_t. Therefore let's make the signed var wide
enough to be able to represent 2^16-1 in pure C99, and even 2^32-1
on a 64-bit platform. Perhaps the logic should be changed just
to use nlink_t, but it can be done later w/o breaking fts(3) ABI
any more because `nlinks' is just a local var.
This commit also inludes supporting stuff for the fts change:
o Preserve the old versions of fts(3) functions through libc symbol
versioning because the old versions appeared in all our former releases.
o Bump __FreeBSD_version just in case. There is a small chance that
some ill-written 3-rd party apps may fail to build or work correctly
if compiled after this change.
o Update the fts(3) manpage accordingly. In particular, remove
references to fts_bignum, which was a FreeBSD-specific hack to work
around the too narrow types of FTSENT members. Now fts_number is
at least 64 bits wide (long long) and fts_bignum is an undocumented
alias for fts_number kept around for compatibility reasons. According
to Google Code Search, the only big consumers of fts_bignum are in
our own source tree, so they can be fixed easily to use fts_number.
o Mention the change in src/UPDATING.
Approved by: re (quite a while ago)
Discussed with: deischen (the symbol versioning part)
Reviewed by: -arch (mostly silence); das (generally OK, but we didn't
agree on some types used; assuming that no objections on
-arch let me to stick to my opinion)
Revision Changes Path
1.517 +14 -0 src/UPDATING
1.12 +11 -18 src/include/fts.h
1.131 +1 -1 src/lib/libc/gen/Makefile.inc
1.8 +11 -8 src/lib/libc/gen/Symbol.map
1.30 +28 -9 src/lib/libc/gen/fts-compat.c
1.13 +0 -13 src/lib/libc/gen/fts-compat.h
1.24 +6 -21 src/lib/libc/gen/fts.3
1.29 +13 -41 src/lib/libc/gen/fts.c
1.329 +1 -1 src/sys/sys/param.h
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